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Touring and Automobile Club of Turkey

Art Of Turkish Tile

The origin of the word is çînî (Chinese work, belonging to China) in Ottoman Turkish, and it is derived from the name of China, in reference to the Chinese who introduced the art of porcelain to the world. Objects whose main material is clay, such as tiles, plates, bowls, vases, are called ceramics. Ceramic ware is divided into three as terracotta ware, tile and porcelain according to the type of soil used and the way of being made.

The protective transparent layer formed by the melting glaze on the plate made of tile paste, because of coloring and glazing the plates in various forms, became the basis of the art of tiles. It has provided a color that does not fade to the architectural ornamentation it is used in.

One of our traditional handicrafts Art Of Turkish Tile, are visible in the interior and exterior ornaments of architectural structures. The fact that glazed slabs were also used by the Uyghur points out to deep rooted history of this tradition in our culture. The tile that developed in our culture in a manner connected with architecture showed its primary growth in the Anatolian Turkish architecture. Wall tiles used in architecture were called kaşi while vases, cups, pitchers, glasses and similar ceramic ware produced as daily utensils were called evani.

Tile making constantly evolved within the Ottoman art with new colors and patterns added to the art in every era. Main centers of the art of Turkish tile which reached its pinnacle in the 16th century were İznik and Kütahya, and Çanakkale ceramics showing regional characteristics emerged in the 18th century. Starting from the 18th century, İznik lost its prominence as a center for tile and ceramic.

The 20th century saw no remarkable development in terms of art of tile making. This traditional art which small scale mills try to maintain continue to be performed by some faithful craftsmen. Istanbul Sanatları Çarşısı, a Touring undertaking, continues to serve as one of the distinguished places making a contribution to conservation and development of these arts.

Istanbul Handicrafts - Tile – Ceramics

Examples of the works of our artists;

The artist performing the art of tile in the Istanbul Handicrafts Center and helping it survive and be recognized is as follows:

Ayşe Özkan
Ayşe Özkan, who says “I have lived and am living by trying to discover life”, was born in Ankara ...
Ayşe Özkan
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Tukan Ajans